Canoe Yawls

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  • Pub No.: 5537
Dixon Kemp/A history and several designs of the famous Mersey Canoe Yawls.

from Dixon Kemp's "Manual of Yacht and Boat Sailing", and Kunhardt's "Small Yachts: Their Design and Construction and Stephens' "Canoe and Boat Building for the Amateur."

A class of boat has been in favour on the Mersey for some years, which, in some respects, is better adapted for the combined recreation of paddling and sailing in the open sea than are any of the canoes hitherto described. Plate CXV. represents one of the earliest of these canoes as built for Mr. C. Arthur Inman in 1877. Although these Mersey sailing boats are termed canoes and canoe yawls, they are as much sailing boats as the Surbiton gigs are. It is true that they have grown out of the Rob Roy canoe; but a vessel 20ft. long, 5ft. 6in. broad, and 2ft. 6in. deep, that carries passengers, 8cwt. or 9cwt. of ballast, has a large sail area, and is, moreover, rowed and not paddled, is better described by the word boat than canoe. The boats originally were only about 17ft. long, with a breadth of 4ft. 6in, and varying depth; but the type has been so much approved of that a length of 20ft. has been reached, with 10cwt. of lead and a centre-plate 4ft. by 2ft. They are decked all over, excepting the well, which has a coaming all round, and is usually of the form shown in the drawing. The well is carried so far forward to enable the crew to reach the mast, or anything forward of it, without getting on the deck. The canoes are clench built, of white or yellow pine, usually 3/8in. thickness when worked up. The stem and sternpost are alike, 11/2in. sided, with 21/2in. outside rabbet, and about 3in., inside, enough to take the plank fastenings and serve as apron. The steering arrangement is very capitally contrived with yokes coupled by rods or chains as a tiller, as shown. Strengthening pieces (running fore and aft) are worked above and below the deck, through which a bolt with collar passes, and is secured with nut and washer underneath. On the upper part of the bolt, above the collar, the yoke and tiller (all in one) are shipped on the bolt, and kept from unshipping by a pin. In case the tiller and yoke be of wood, a brass socket is tted in the hole to prevent the collar of the boat wearing away the wood.

40 pages, 16 plate(s)

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